Learning Disabilities and Dyslexia Awareness Month

Learning Disabilities Awareness Month (October) is a time where people pay special attention to children and adults with learning disabilities. During this month, Reading Rockets asks each of you to teach one person one new thing about learning disabilities. If you find an interesting article or resource here, consider passing it along to a friend, family member, or colleague.

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What you'll find in this section:

Information on learning disabilities

Down and Up: The Animated Journey of a Child Struggling in School

This animation from the National Center for Learning Disabilities shows what it’s like for a child who is struggling in school. It also shows the power of kind words when it comes to overcoming obstacles.

The Basics

Learning Disabilities: An Overview describes what a learning disability is, the different types, and the causes.

These briefs describe the specific types of learning disabilities:

In this article, It Took Me Too Long to Decode My Daughter’s Dyslexia, a mother describes the warning signs for dyslexia in her daughter that she didn't see clearly. She also shares the life-changing resources that helped her understand what dyslexia is and how to get her daughter the support she needed to thrive.

Print books, audio books, and e-books for children

Children with reading disabilities often avoid reading because it is so difficult for them. There are a number of ways to encourage a struggling reader. Sometimes it helps to read about characters who have some of the same challenges that you do. Kids can also try high/low books that feature engaging, age-appropriate stories, but are written at an easier reading level. Graphic novels can be especially appealing to readers who are reluctant to pick up a more traditional book. Audio books and e-books are other excellent options for struggling readers.

Children's books

Share a book with a child you know. Try one of these from the Reading Rockets booklists listed below, or browse a longer list on our Book Finder tool.

High/low books

High/low (or "hi-lo") books are books with high-interest topics for students reading below grade level. High/low books can motivate kids who find reading a struggle by building confidence and interest in reading. These kinds of books also help strengthen reading fluency, vocabulary, and background knowledge — key elements in reading comprehension. See our article High/Low Books for Children to find recommended high/low books, as well as links to publishers who offer a wide range of titles.

Graphic novels

Browse Book Finder to find all of our recommended graphic novel titles.

Audio books

Audio books allow children who struggle with reading to enjoy a book that's at their interest level, but that might be above their reading level. They also provide good examples of fluent, expressive reading and strengthen listening skills. Browse Book Finder to find all of our recommended audio book titles.


Children’s authors and illustrators with learning and attention issues share their stories

Hear first-hand what it was like to struggle with reading from Dav Pilkey, Patricia Polacco, Avi, Jerry Pinkney, E.B. Lewis, Carmen Agra Deedy, and Rafael Lopez, and learn how these talented writers and illustrators discovered their strengths and gifts. Gene Yang and Jack Gantos talk about being a "slow" reader — the challenges and the benefits!

Children’s authors and illustrators: books for kids who struggle with reading

Hear from Katherine Applegate (The One and Only Ivan), Jewell Parker Rhodes (Ninth Ward), Megan McDonald (Judy Moody series), Cece Bell (El Deafo), and other authors about books that connect with kids who struggle to read. We've also included a clip with Rick Riordan, about the origins of his very popular Percy Jackson series. Percy, along with other demigods in the books, is dyslexic — inspired by Riordan's own son who has dyslexia and ADHD.

Author Lin Oliver (Hank Zipzer series)

Meet Lin Oliver, co-author (with Henry Winkler) of the popular Hank Zipzer and Here's Hank series about a young boy with learning differences who is funny, resourceful, and smart. Find out why kids (and their parents) love Hank and learn more about the readable "dyslexie" font and page design in the Here's Hank series.

Oliver also talks about the importance of celebrating differences and supporting the unique strengths in each child, as well as her own experiences parenting a child with attention issues.

At home: playdates

Expert Rick Lavoie talks about the importance of teaching a child with LD the necessary social skills to build solid friendships. In this excerpt from the PBS program It's So Much Work to Be Your Friend, parents learn how to plan a successful playdate.

In the classroom: twice exceptional

Dr. Dennis Higgins teaches seven boys in New Mexico who need some unique instruction. They are "twice exceptional," which means they are both intellectually gifted and struggling to remediate an identified learning disability. From our Launching Young Readers show, A Chance to Read.

Inspirational stories

Stories about success can inspire each of us to feel more confident in meeting the challenges of learning disabilities.

Learning disabilities organizations

The following organizations provide information and advocacy for children, families, and adults with learning disabilities:

Reading Rockets is a proud founding partner of Understood, a free online resource for parents of children with learning and attention issues.

History of LD Awareness Month

October was originally designated in the United States as LD Month in 1985 through a proclamation by President Ronald Reagan. Organizations in the United States use this month to inform the public about learning disabilities through events and proclamations. LD Awareness Month is celebrated in many states, often coordinated through each state's Learning Disabilities Association of America office.

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