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Teacher reading to deaf child using ASL

15 Principles for Reading to Deaf Children

This article describes research-based principles and best practices for reading to deaf children. The underlying principle is a positive belief in the children’s ability to become strong, enthusiastic readers.
Elementary boy using tablet in class

Auditory Processing Disorders and Dyslexia

Children with dyslexia are often referred to the audiologist to be evaluated for auditory processing disorder (APD). The relationship between dyslexia and APD is can be confusing, and this article helps professionals untangle the symptoms of the different difficulties.
Asian mom talking with her toddler

Auditory Processing Disorder in Children

Children with auditory processing disorder (APD) often do not recognized the subtle differences between sounds in words because a dysfunction makes it difficult for the brain to interpret the information. The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders presents basic information on symptoms, diagnosis, and current research of APD.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): The Basics

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): The Basics

Learn the basics about autism spectrum disorder (ASD): what it is, signs and symptoms, strengths and abilities, risk factors, diagnosing ASD, the value of early intervention, and treatment and therapies that can help children and their families.

Child-Based Risk Factors

Child-Based Risk Factors

Individual children may come to school with conditions that make them more likely to experience trouble learning to read. Find out more about these conditions, such as cognitive, hearing, or language problems.

preschool teacher using sign language with toddler

Early Identification of Speech-Language Delays and Disorders

If your child hasn’t started speaking by age one and or you are worried about their speech and language skills, there may be a concern. Early identification is key. They need to receive treatment before school begins so they won’t miss out on essential pre-reading skills. Learn what the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association has to say about early identification, evaluation, and speech-language treatments.

Young girl with hearing aid practicing reading

Effects of Hearing Loss on Development

Hearing is critical to speech and language development, communication, and learning. Children with listening difficulties due to hearing loss or auditory processing problems continue to be an underidentified and underserved population.
Healthy Hearing

Healthy Hearing

Healthy hearing is critical to a child’s speech and language development, communication, learning, and social development. Children who do not hear well are at an increased risk of becoming struggling readers. Here are some signals that may indicate a hearing problem.

Closeup of mother speaking to elementary aged daughter

How Does Your Child Hear and Talk?

Every child is unique and has an individual rate of development. This chart represents, on average, the age by which most children will accomplish skills in hearing, understanding, and talking.

Young Latina student smiling in the classroom at her desk

Learning Two Languages

Learning to speak two languages is like learning any other skill. To do it well, children need lots of practice, which parents can help provide. This American Speech-Language-Hearing Association brief gives information and tips for parents.

Elementary teacher giving a student a high-five for encouragement

Responsiveness to Intervention: New Roles for Speech-Language Pathologists

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) can play a number of important roles in using RTI to identify children with disabilities and provide needed instruction to struggling students in both general education and special education settings. But these roles will require some fundamental changes in the way SLPs engage in assessment and intervention activities.

Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition

Anyone at any age can learn a second language after a first language is already established, but it takes a lot of practice. Second language acquisition often happens when a child who speaks a language other than English goes to school for the first time. This brief looks at the best way to teach a second language and how speech professionals can help.

Speaking and Listening in Content Area Learning

Speaking and Listening in Content Area Learning

Oral language development facilitates print literacy. Explore ways in which teachers can ensure that students’ speaking and listening skills are developed. You’ll also find a review of effective classroom routines, including some that can be enhanced with technology.

elementary teacher working with two students on reading assignment

Specific Language Impairment

Studies have indicated that as many as 40-75% of children with specific language impairment will have problems in learning to read. This article offers tips for parents and educators to help learners develop their language skills.
kindergarten teacher helping students make the sounds in words

Speech Sounds: Assessment Tip

Hearing the difference between similar sounding words such as grow and glow is easy for most children, but not for all children. Children who unable to hear these differences will be confused when these words appear in context, and their comprehension skills will suffer dramatically.

kindergarten teacher helping students make the sounds in words

Speech Sounds: Suggested Activities

Children must understand how speech sounds work to be ready for instruction in reading and writing. There are many activities that you can do with your students to help them increase their knowledge of speech sounds and their relationship to letters.