What every teacher should know Reading 101: A Guide to Teaching Reading and Writing Introduction: How Children Learn to ReadCourse ModulesPrint AwarenessPre-testIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestPhonological and Phonemic AwarenessPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestPhonicsPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestFluencyPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestVocabularyPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestSpellingPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestComprehensionPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestWritingPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestAssessmentPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestTeacher ToolboxThe Struggling ReaderAlphabetic PrinciplePhonological AwarenessDecodingClassroom ManagementDifferentiated InstructionLanguage Arts BlocksGlossaryResourcesBecoming a Certified Literacy Teacher Spelling: Pre-Test Children: a. advance through stages in their spelling development b. can be taught the spelling rules and patterns to become better spellers c. must memorize some spelling words which are irregular d. all of the above A student who writes u for you is in what stage of spelling development? a. precommunicative stage b. semiphonetic stage c. communicative stage d. transitional stage Spelling instruction should include: a. instruction on the alphabetic principle b. instruction on the patterns found in words c. instruction of the meanings of words d. all of the above Which child shows an invented approach to spelling? a. Sarah, who spells the word is as iz b. Nicholas, who spells the word cat as cat c. Clinton, who makes random marks on a page and states that it says hi d. none of the above Invented spelling: a. interferes with standard spelling instruction b. is a sound-letter approach to spelling words c. occurs when a child invents a new word d. all of the above Spelling instruction should: a. follow a sequential order b. build on a student's current knowledge c. include time devoted to writing to apply what is being learned d. all of the above A teacher who asks her students to write a thank you note to the post office worker they visited on a field trip is: a. creating a purposeful reason to write b. allowing her student's time to apply spelling patterns and rules taught c. collecting writing samples to use to determine what stage of spelling each child is in d. all of the above What percent of words can be learned from knowing the basic spelling patterns and rules? a. 0.9 b. 0.6 c. 0.3 d. 0.15 Excellent spelling instruction targets primarily: a. the memorization of correct letter sequences b. the application of letter-sound relationships and patterns c. the drill of sight words d. none of the above Which example is of a digraph? a. the letters sh in the word shrink b. the letters bl in the word blue c. the silent e in the word make d. none of the above Next: Spelling In Depth > Reading 101 is a collaboration with the Center for Effective Reading Instruction and The International Dyslexia Association.