What every teacher should know Reading 101: A Guide to Teaching Reading and Writing Introduction: How Children Learn to ReadCourse ModulesPrint AwarenessPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestPhonological and Phonemic AwarenessPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestPhonicsPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestFluencyPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestVocabularyPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestSpellingPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestComprehensionPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestWritingPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestAssessmentPre-TestIn DepthIn PracticeAssignmentsPost-TestBecoming a Certified Literacy Teacher Spelling: Post-Test A child who writes the letter L for the word hippopotamus is in which of Gentry's stages of spelling development? a. precommunicative stage b. early stage c. phonetic stage d. none of the above Spellers: a. only memorize correct letter sequences b. are born with the ability to memorize letter-sound sequences c. advance through stages in their spelling development d. none of the above Invented spelling: a. is a sound-letter approach to spelling b. allows for a child to apply their knowledge about phonemes and letters c. is a part of a child's development as a speller d. all of the above Spelling instruction should include: a. instruction on letter-sound correspondence and sequence (e.g., in the word mat each sound represents one letter) b. instruction on pattern in words (e.g., the CVC pattern represents short vowel sounds, like in the word bat) c. instruction on groups of letters that aid in the meaning of the word d. all of the above Spelling variations for the same sound should be: a. taught incrementally b. taught all at once c. memorized d. none of the above Spelling intervention should: a. employ scaffolding techniques that support all students b. encourage students to memorize rules and principles c. encourage students to rely on assistive technologies d. all of the above According to Gentry, which child is in the phonetic stage of spelling development? a. Abby, who spells cake correctly b. Jonathan, who spells his as hiz c. Molly, who spells her name with a T d. Michael, who places random marks on a page One way to ascertain students' progress in the area of spelling development is by ________: a. giving random spelling tests b. having the class read aloud c. analyzing students' writing d. none of the above Early spelling skills are best taught when teachers build a bridge between what two skills? a. context clues and letter patterns b. phonological/phonemic awareness and letter patterns c. context clues and affixes d. none of the above Spelling instruction should include information on ___________. a. letter-sound associations b. spelling patterns c. word meanings d. all of the above Reading 101 is a collaboration with the Center for Effective Reading Instruction and The International Dyslexia Association.