All Autism Spectrum Disorder articles

By: Paula Kluth (2020)

Creative supports are key to helping learners succeed in distance education. Try these 12 ideas to help students on the spectrum feel connected, stay engaged, and learn effectively in the virtual classroom and beyond.

By: Reading Rockets (2020)

In these videos, you'll find out from parents, teachers, and autism experts what works in supporting distance learning for children with autism. Animated social stories about the coronavirus, social distancing, and wearing masks are also included.

By: Reading Rockets (2020)

In this guide for parents and educators of children with autism, you'll find resources to help support literacy and social and emotional issues at home. You'll also find information for special services providers and online courses for families and educators.

By: Cathy Pratt (2019)

Autism expert Dr. Cathy Pratt talks about the goals of true inclusion, how teachers can support the sensory, executive functioning, and academic needs of their students with autism, the role of peer and whole-school support in helping kids with ASD succeed, sources for evidence-based teaching resources, and more.

By: Roger Ideishi (2019)

Occupational therapist Roger Ideishi shares his strategies for providing supportive environments in the general education classroom for children with autism. You'll also learn about Ideishi's innovative ideas for collaborating with museums, performing arts spaces, and other cultural institutions to make them more accessible and welcoming for children with diverse sensory and cognitive abilities. (Photo: Ryan S. Brandeburg, Temple University)

By: First Words Project, Florida State University (2019)

Early detection and early intervention can have a lifetime impact for children with autism. Learn the 16 early signs of autism that unfold from 9 to 16 months.

By: Rozella Stewart, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2019)

Tasks and activities which learners associate with past success tend to stimulate interest. Success begets success! Here you'll find a few success-oriented strategies that support motivation for students who have autism spectrum disorder.

By: Beverly Vicker, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2019)

Embedding literacy training opportunities with schedule training represents a strategy that may have surprising and positive outcomes for some students with autism. Schedules contain a small set of vocabulary for sight word recognition and offer natural opportunities for repetitive exposure to this core set of words.

By: Cathy Pratt, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2019)

Regardless of the grade level or the area of need, peers have been crucial in helping students with autism spectrum disorder to succeed in typical school and community activities. Here are some suggestions for using peer supports in your school.

By: Beverly Vicker, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2019)

Interviews with 12 adults on the autism spectrum provide insight into their own development of literacy skills, their present habits and challenges, and suggestions for teachers of students with ASD.

By: Anna Merrill, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Learn about the three psychological theories of ASD — Theory of Mind, Weak Central Cohesion, and executive functioning. Understanding these theories can help families and educators manage challenging behaviors at home and in the classroom.

By: Amy Moore Gaffney, Cathy Pratt, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Find links to examples of curriculum and programs that can be used to teach students on the autism spectrum. Topics include commuication, sensory support, social skills, life skills, literacy, math, science, and social studies.

By: Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Browse this collection of visual supports and other resources to help your students with ASD be successful socially and academically in school. You'll find templates for social rules, classroom rules, emotional support, schedules, and more.

By: Cathy Pratt, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

The transition from one grade to the next can be especially challenging for the student with an autism spectrum disorder. However, these students can more easily make this shift if careful planning and preparation occurs. Get tips for facilitating a smooth transition.

By: Amy Moore Gaffney, Kristie Brown Lofland, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Get practical tips on how to use various visual supports can reduce your student’s anxiety, by providing much-needed information about the school environment and routines.

By: Beverly Vicker, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Today’s speech language pathologists (SLPs) play many roles in supporting the development of speech, language, communication, and literacy skills. Their roles often include screening, assessing, advocating, and programming/designing augmentative communication equipment in addition to providing direct intervention with students and indirect roles of consulting, coaching, collaborating, and training educators and families.

By: Cathy Pratt, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Anticipating the beginning of the school year can create anxiety for both family members and for their children on the autism spectrum. Get tips to help you be a proactive and positive advocate for your child.

By: Cathy Pratt, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Learn about factors related to school culture, teaching climate, and school-wide discipline practices that can aid or hinder a student with ASD's educational progress.

By: Kara Hume, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Though circle-time may be difficult for students with ASD, with the appropriate modifications and additions to the activities and environment, the experience can be successful for students and staff alike. Get ideas that will help make morning meetings more meaningful to students, and will assist in increasing student success.

By: Beverly Vicker, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Communication impairment is a characteristic of autism spectrum disorder. Learn more about how speech-language pathologists can support teachers, including information about different classroom models (e.g., push-in or pull-out), managing an augmentative communication program, and what a service plan can look like.

By: Beverly Vicker, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Parents can support their child's vocabulary skills through read alouds at home. Find out about Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3 vocabulary words and terchniques for informal teaching while you read aloud.

By: Kim Davis, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

The following questions can help you get to know your students with autism and give you insights that go beyond test scores and IEP goals.

By: Beverly Vicker, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Students with ASD can have strengths or challenges in either word recognition and language comprehension that will impact reading comprehension. It is important to assess, monitor, and track the word recognition or decoding skills and language comprehension skills as you evaluate reading comprehension.

By: Susan Moreno, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Learn more about talents and challenges in children with high-functioning autism. Get tips on how to make your classroom welcoming and supportive, including lots of ideas for creating physical and instruictional supports, and how to use specific interests to jumpstart learning adventures with other subjects.

By: Kara Hume, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

An organized classroom with defined areas and spaces can help students with autism in anticipating the requirements of a specific setting and to predict what will be happening during the instructional day. Get tips on how to organize your classroom.

By: Kara Hume, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

An organized classroom with defined areas and spaces can help students with autism in anticipating what is expected and to predict what will be happening during the instructional day. Get tips on how to create defined learning spaces and reduce distractions in your classroom.

By: Kara Hume, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

A visual schedule communicates the sequence of upcoming activities or events through the use of objects, photographs, icons, or words. Find out how to set up visual schedules in your classroom to support your students with ASD.

By: Kara Hume, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

A work system is an organizational system that gives students with ASD information about what is expected when they come to the classroom. Find out how to implement a work system in your classroom.

By: Kara Hume, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Visual structure adds a physical or visual component to tasks to help students with ASD to understand how an activity should be completed. Get ideas on how to implement visual structure in your classroom and support your students' independence.

By: Kara Hume, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Learn about four strategies for structured teaching to support students with ASD: (1) physical structure, (2) visual schedules, (3) work systems, and (4) visual structure.

By: First Words Project, Florida State University (2018)

Did you know that a baby’s brain is developing the most rapidly during the first two years of life? These early years offer a critical window of opportunity, like no other time, to launch language early and get a jump start on school success. Learn the milestones that develop from 1–24 months.

By: Paula Kluth (2018)

By: Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2018)

Find examples of research-based curriculum and programs that can be used to teach literacy and reading comprehension to students on the autism spectrum.

By: Common Sense Education (2018)

Browse these Top Picks to discover the best in educational apps and websites that support children with learning and attention issues in these areas: emotional intelligence, social skills, and executive function. You'll also find recommendations for quality assistive technology to support kids who are struggling with reading.

By: Paula Kluth (2018)

By: Paula Kluth (2018)

By: Paula Kluth (2018)

By: Nicole Eredics (2018)

The social curriculum conveys the values, belief systems, and expectations of behavior in school. It is just as important as the academic curriculum, but is often "hidden" for children with learning challenges. Here you'll find some effective strategies to intentionally facilitate social inclusion in your classroom and school-wide.

By: Paula Kluth (2018)

By: Erica McCray, Mary Brownell, Margaret Kamman, Suzanne Robinson, CEEDAR Center (2017)

High-leverage practices (HLPs) and evidence-based practices (EBPs) when used together can become powerful tools for improving outcomes for students with disabilities and those who struggle. This brief shows the promise of these practices in advancing educator preparation and practice.

By: Center on Technology and Disability (2017)

Assistive technology is any kind of technology that can be used to enhance the functional independence of a person with a physical or cognitive disability. Get the basics in this fact sheet from the Center on Technology and Disability.


By: Center on Technology and Disability (2017)

It is important for parents to understand the "language" of assistive technology so they can be informed advocates for their child's technology needs. The following glossary of terms can help parents learn about the kinds of assistive technologies that are currently available and how they can be used.


By: Paula Kluth, Kelly Chandler-Olcott (2017)

With careful and creative planning, literacy instruction can be adapted to meet the needs of every student in the classroom. Five ways teachers can provide a literacy education for all learners are offered here.

By: Paula Kluth (2017)

Many learners with disabilities are visual learners and are best able to understand and remember content when they can see it represented in some way; in other words, they need to “see what we mean.” Three visual supports helpful for teaching and supporting literacy development are described here: picture books, graphic notes, and story kits.

By: Reading Rockets (2017)

Learn about and watch some of the compelling in-depth news stories and documentaries about autism developed by public broadcasting.

By: Reading Rockets (2017)

PBS Kids has been a leader in autism awareness, developing original programming for television, web, and mobile platforms. Learn about the children's program and find links to games for kids and companion resources for parents and educators.

By: Reading Rockets (2017)

Recent documentaries have taken a fresh look at what it means to "be on the spectrum" and how to celebrate the gifts of neurodiversity.

By: Reading Rockets (2017)

Browse our lists of high-quality apps to support the emotional, language and communication, organizational, and social needs of kids with autism or Aspergers.

By: Reach Out and Read (2017)

Whether your child has mild or severe Autism Spectrum Disorder, making reading a fun activity can help your child's learning and social skills. You'll find sharing books together can be a good way to connect with your son or daughter. Reading also helps your child's language development and listening skills.

By: Reading Rockets (2017)

Browse this list of organizations and web resources focused on advocacy, information, and support for families and educators of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. We've also identified helpful federal agencies and ASD projects funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs.

By: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institute of Mental Health (2017)

Learn the basics about autism spectrum disorder (ASD): what it is, signs and symptoms, strengths and abilities, risk factors, diagnosing ASD, the value of early intervention, and treatment and therapies that can help children and their families.

By: Nicole Eredics (2017)

In order for inclusion to be successful, it must exist at all levels of education: the community, the school, the classroom, and the lesson. This brief overview describes what inclusion looks like at each level.

By: Education Week (2017)

Sesame Workshop has introduced Julia, a muppet with autism, to the world of Sesame Street. Using selected clips of Julia from the program, a psychologist explains practical ways teachers can support children with autism.

By: Center on Technology and Disability (2017)

In this webinar from the Center on Technology and Disability, two experts demonstrate and discuss various apps and Assistive Technology (AT) options, including wearable technology to support students with autism.


By: National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorder (2016)

These 27 identified evidence-based teaching practices have been shown through scientific research to be effective when implemented correctly with students with ASD.

By: Miranda L. Sigmon, Mary E. Tackett, Amy Price Azano (2016)

Children's picture books about autism can be a valuable resource for teachers in inclusive classrooms attempting to teach awareness, empathy, and acceptance among students. This article provides instructional tips for educators and offers suggestions for using children's picture books about autism to encourage positive, inclusive instruction.

By: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2016)

Many children are living with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and they need services and support, now and as they grow into adolescence and adulthood. More can be done to ensure that children with ASD are evaluated as soon as possible after developmental concerns are recognized. Learn more about CDC’s new data on ASD.

By: Autism Navigator, Florida State University (2015)

Learn the basics about autism spectrum disorder (ASD) including types of ASD, diagnosis, and red flags for ASD in toddlers.

By: Autism Navigator, Florida State University (2015)

Learn more about social communication problems in young children, how delays in social communication skills can be the earliest signs of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and what early intervention looks like.

By: Autism Navigator, Florida State University (2015)

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be easy to miss in young children. Some behaviors involving social communication, social interaction, repetitive behaviors, and restricted interests may be red flags for ASD.

By: Detra Price-Dennis, Kathlene Holmes, Emily Smith (2015)

Get insight into how a 21st century literacies perspective can support inclusive literacy practices that create a community of learners, use digital tools to make the curriculum accessible, and link academic goals with real‐world platforms.

By: Erin McTigue, April Douglass, Katherine Wright, Tracey Hodges, Amanda Franks (2015)

Inferential comprehension requires both emotional intelligence and cognitive skills, however instructional comprehension strategies typically underemphasize the emotional contribution. This article documents an intervention used by diverse third grade students which centers on teaching story comprehension through character perspective-taking (i.e., Theory of Mind).

By: Neal Nghia Nguyen, Patrick Leytham, Peggy Schaefer Whitby, Jeffrey I. Gelfer (2015)

Teaching children with autism to comprehend text can be challenging. Here are some strategies educators can incorporate into daily lessons to meet the literacy needs of their students.

By: Kristie Asaro-Saddler, Haley Muir Knox, Holly Meredith, Diana Akhmedjanova (2015)

Find out the characteristics of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that make writing difficult, and how use of technology can help support writing development. Results of a pilot study that utilized First Author® software to improve the writing of secondary students with ASD are described.

By: Center for Parent Information and Resources, Lisa Küpper, Samara Goodman, Carole Brown (2014)

The birth of a child with a disability, or the discovery that a child has a disability, can have profound effects on the family. In this article, you'll find information to support the life cycle, health, and well-being of the family when a son or daughter has a disability.

By: Maria Nikolajeva (2013)

One potential way of fostering empathy in young children is through picturebooks. Learn about empathy, theory of mind, the development of emotional intelligence, and the role of picturebooks in the classroom.

By: Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (2013)

Learn the basics about Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), including incidence and the importance of early diagnosis and intervention.

By: Nicole Eredics (2013)

Learn simple ways you can make your classroom sensory-friendly to help students with sensory issues feel more comfortable and ready to focus on learning and socializing. Ideas include ways to adapt the classroom space, learning materials, lighting, noises, and smells.

By: Keri Linas, Sandra Soto, Colorín Colorado (2012)

Learn about a partnership between Georgetown University and a local community outpatient care clinic to help improve the early identification of autism in young Latino children, including lessons learned that are relevant to school settings, such as effective communication approaches and building strong relationships with diverse families.

By: Patti Ralabate, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2012)

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) provides the opportunity for all students to access, participate in, and progress in the general-education curriculum by reducing barriers to instruction. Learn more about how UDL offers options for how information is presented, how students respond or demonstrate their knowledge and skills, and how students are engaged in learning.

By: Kelly Chandler-Olcott, Paula Kluth (2011)

In addition to the unique gifts and interests that autistic students bring to the classroom as people, their responses can serve as an early warning system for pedagogical problems that are happening in the classroom as a whole.

By: Paula Kluth (2010)

For many learners with autism, transitions are the toughest part of schooling. These four strategies are designed to prepare the learner with autism for a new school or a new schooling experience and can be used days or months before the student arrives as well as throughout the school year.

By: Paula Kluth (2010)

Students with autism may have unique needs with learning, social skills, and communication. These ten simple ideas will help teachers address some of these needs and provide guidance for bringing out the best in learners with autism.

By: Paula Kluth (2010)

To create environments most conducive to learning for students with autism and their peers without disabilities, teachers may need to examine ways in which classroom spaces are organized. Specifically, teachers may need to consider the sounds, smells, lighting, and seating options in the classrooms.

By: Paula Kluth (2010)

Reading comprehension is often a concern for the teachers of students with autism. The comprehension strategies described in this article may help some students gain comprehension skills and improve their ability to read and communicate about written material.

By: Paula Kluth (2010)

Some students identified with autism can participate successfully in whole-class rich literacy experiences, with the right kind of support. Learn about strategies for designing lessons that are appropriate, engaging, and challenging for every learner in the inclusive classroom.

By: Joyce Cooper-Kahn, Laurie Dietzel (2008)

Here are some strategies to help a child who does his or her homework, but doesn't turn it in.

By: National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) (2008)

Children with executive function problems have difficulty with planning, organizing and managing time and space, and weakness with "working memory." Learn more about executive function, how it affects learning, and strategies to help children in school and at home.

By: Paula Kluth, Kelly Chandler-Olcott (2007)

Discover 20 ideas for including all students in classroom read alouds. These suggestions may work for students who need to fidget during whole-class instruction, those who need materials to keep focused, and those who require alternative ways of demonstrating attention, engagement, and interest.

By: Kara Hume, Indiana Resource Center for Autism (2004)

Students with autism spectrum disorder have a number of unique challenges in the classroom. Learn how to set up work systems that can help your students become more independent by strengthening organization skills, reducing distractibility, understanding sequence of events, and more.

By: Linda Oggel, Tracy Landon (2002)

Find out how to help students with executive functioning issues learn to manage their time, space, materials, and school work.

By: Cathy Pratt (1997)

Inclusion is a belief that ALL students, regardless of labels, should be members of the general education community. The philosophy of inclusion encourages the elimination of the dual special and general education systems, and the creation of a merged system that is responsive to the needs of all students.

By: Indiana Resource Center for Autism

Establishing a trusting relationship with families of students with autism is critical, especially when working through challenges that may occur. In this article you'll find two useful daily report templates to share with families.

"Reading is not optional." —

Walter Dean Myers