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First Year Teacher Program


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Modules

 1.  Print awareness
 2.  The sounds of speech
 3.  Phonemic awareness
 4.  Phonics
 5.  Informal classroom-based assessment
 6.  Fluency
 7.  Vocabulary
 8.  Spelling
 9.  Writing
 10.  Text comprehension
Resources

Diary of a First Year Teacher

Module 4  –  Phonics

  |   Pre-test  |  Intro  |  In depth  |  In practice  |  Assignments  |  Post-test  |  

Intro

Video Clip

The Alphabetic Principle

In Houston, the teacher of an advanced kindergarten class connects letters and sounds in a systematic and explicit way.

The goal of phonics instruction is to help children learn the alphabetic principle. The alphabetic principle is the idea that there is an organized, logical and predictable relationship between written letters and spoken sounds.

Programs of phonics instruction should be:

  • Systematic the letter-sound relationship is taught in an organized and logical sequence

  • Explicit the instruction provides teachers with precise directions for teaching letter-sound relationships.

Effective phonics programs provide:

  • Frequent opportunities for children to apply what they are learning about letters and sounds to the reading of words, sentences, and stories.

Systematic and explicit phonics instruction:

  • Significantly improves children's word recognition, spelling, and reading comprehension.

  • Is most effective when it begins in kindergarten or first grade, but should be used as a part of a comprehensive reading program with students who do not have a firm understanding of the letter-sound relationship, regardless of grade level.


Adapted from: Put Reading First: The Research Building Blocks for Teaching Children to Read Kindergarten Through Grade 3, a publication of The Partnership for Reading (www.nifl.gov/nifl/pfr.html)

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First Year Teacher was a pilot project of Reading Rockets, which is service of WETA, Washington D.C.'s flagship public television station. Funding for First Year Teacher was provided by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs; The Morris & Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation; and The Overbrook Foundation.

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