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Reading Intervention Programs: A Comparative Chart

By: Corrie Kelly
If you are planning to purchase an intervention program for instruction, get as much information as you can about a program's benefits and effectiveness. This article provides basic comparative information about a range of commercially available intervention programs.

Educators work tirelessly to meet the academic needs of all students. An important part of instruction for struggling students is the use of the right intervention at the right time. With so many packaged intervention programs out there, it is difficult to keep up with them all.

Intervention programs for five components of literacy (phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, comprehension, vocabulary) are included in the tables below. Columns within the matrix indicate the appropriate RTI tiers, approximate grade levels, most effective instructional format, instructional technology, embedded assessment, and related article or instructional strategy connections. (Find more information about Response to Intervention and the characteristics of the tiers in this article.)

Many of the programs listed below have been reviewed by the What Works Clearinghouse and research centers such as the Florida Center for Reading Research and the Best Evidence Encyclopedia. Several also appear on statewide recommended intervention lists. Multiple research studies have demonstrated that the intervention programs listed below are capable of producing positive academic effects.

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Key to the charts

RTI Tier

Tier 1: This program is supplemental and is meant to enhance the core program for all students.

Tier 2: This program is to be used to prevent or remediate skill deficits for students who are somewhat below grade level.

Tier 3: This program is to be used intensively for students who are significantly below grade level.

GL: Grade Level

These are the grade level(s) in which a program will be most useful and has been proven to be effective.

IF: Instructional Format

This is the instructional format for the program:

Filled circle

1:1 with a licensed teacher or specialist

Hollow circle

1:1 with a teacher, paraprofessional, or volunteer

Star graphic

Small group tutorials

IT: Instructional Technology

This program offers instructional technology. Some of the programs listed use technology as the main source of instruction, while others offer instructional technology as a supplement to the program.

EAP: Embedded Assessment Piece

This program offers an embedded assessment piece.

Related articles and strategies

Learn about instructional classroom strategies and resources that support phonemic awareness, phonological awareness, fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary.

Phonemic Awareness

  RTI Tier GL IF IT EAP Contact and Purchasing Information Related multimedia Related articles and strategies
Build Up Kit Complete 2,3 K-6 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/rbq2NE None available Rhyming Games
Early Reading Intervention 2,3 K,1 Star graphic   X http://bit.ly/goMlhM None available Phonological Awareness
Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) 2,3 K,1 Filled circleStar graphic     http://bit.ly/Ink2r http://bit.ly/gnrbdM Using Peer Tutoring to Facilitate Access
Funnix 1,2,3 K-2 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X   http://bit.ly/hvjKnQ http://bit.ly/4rXSRp Computer-Assisted Instruction and Reading
Phonemic Awareness in Young Children 1,2,3 PreK-1 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/hNwkAC http://bit.ly/3OpFc4 Phonemic Awareness
Voyager Passport 2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circle X X http://bit.ly/gN1HVu None available Phonemic Awareness in Young Children
Road to the Code 1,2,3 K,1 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/g0gYBA None available Top 10 Resources on Phonological and Phonemic Awareness
Waterford 2,3 K-2 Filled circleHollow circle X X http://bit.ly/h0ModW http://bit.ly/eQSY28 Phonological and Phonemic Awareness
FOCUS 1,2 K-2 Star graphic X X http://bit.ly/iaJbJK None available How Now Brown Cow: Phoneme Awareness Activities

Phonics

  RTI Tier GL IF IT EAP Contact and Purchasing Information Related multimedia Related articles and strategies
Corrective Reading 2,3 1,2,3 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/18Qq0r http://bit.ly/gpcBRe Phonics Strategies
Touchphonics 2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic     http://bit.ly/flHvc0 http://bit.ly/2Bp2U3 Reading Methods for Students with LD
Headsprout 2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circle X X http://bit.ly/XzGNR http://bit.ly/hL0ipI Assistive Technology Glossary
Project Read: Phonics 2,3 K-2 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X X http://bit.ly/eLHibJ http://bit.ly/hDALQQ Phonics Strategies
Read Well 2,3 K-3 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X X http://bit.ly/gsQPEu http://bit.ly/dTuaWw Phonics: Watch & Learn
Saxon Phonics 1,2,3 K-3 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/fZKU5K http://bit.ly/dIPIdk Phonics Instruction
SIPPS 2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/futUWU http://bit.ly/futUWU The Alphabetic Principle
Build Up Kit-Complete 2,3 K-6 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/rbq2NE None available Phonics Strategies
Kaleidoscope 1,2,3 K-4 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/o7qNgE None available Best Practice for ELLs: Small-Group Interventions
Phonics for Reading 1,2,3 1-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/ehkYH9 None available Phonics Strategies
Reading Mastery- Fast Cycle 2,3 K-3 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/dWr1YM http://bit.ly/gAJowt A Tale of Two Schools
Voyager Passport 2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circle X X http://bit.ly/gN1HVu None available Reading 101: Phonics
Waterford 2,3 K-2 Filled circleHollow circle X X http://bit.ly/eGgK0Y http://bit.ly/gyjOTd Phonics: Watch & Learn

Fluency

  RTI Tier GL IF IT EAP Contact and Purchasing Information Related multimedia Related articles and strategies
Read Naturally 2,3 2-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X X http://bit.ly/5EQlog http://bit.ly/evb5Q7 Reading 101: Fluency
Great Leaps 2,3 1-5 Filled circleHollow circle   X http://bit.ly/fNVomc None available Fluency articles
Quick Reads 2,3 2-5 Filled circleHollow circle X X http://bit.ly/dMlPuJ http://bit.ly/fq8a52 Fluency: Instructional Guidelines and Student Activities
Corrective Reading- level a 2,3 1-4 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/18Qq0r http://bit.ly/gpcBRe Classroom Strategies: Fluency
Open Court 1,2,3 1-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X   http://bit.ly/6dL6Qt http://bit.ly/e0eWBy Classroom Strategies: Fluency
Read Well 2,3 K-3 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X X http://bit.ly/gsQPEu http://bit.ly/dTuaWw Developing Fluent Readers
Voyager Universal Literacy System 1,2 K-3 Star graphic X X http://bit.ly/dFw8tc None available Two Methods for Developing Fluency
Horizons Fast Track 2,3 3-8 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic

 

X http://bit.ly/hNpjiw None available What Works in Fluency Instruction

Comprehension

  RTI Tier GL IF IT EAP Contact and Purchasing Information Related multimedia Related articles and strategies
Comprehension Plus 1,2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X X http://bit.ly/huLC0U None available Seven Strategies to Teach Students Text Comprehension
Comprehension Strategy Posters 1,2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic     http://bit.ly/eE3UAx http://bit.ly/bpaU5s Tell Me About the Story: Comprehension Strategies for Students with Autism
Harcourt Accelerated Reading Instruction 1,2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X X http://bit.ly/epRBvY http://bit.ly/fopevy Instruction of Metacognitive Strategies Enhances Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary Achievement of Third-Grade Students
Kaleidoscope 1,2,3 K-4 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/o7qNgE None available Key Comprehension Strategies to Teach
Soar to Success 1,2,3 1-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/dMcv85 None available Classroom Strategies: Comprehension
Voyager Passport 1,2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X X http://bit.ly/gN1HVu None available Classroom Strategies: Comprehension
Voyager Universal Literacy System 1,2 K-3 Star graphic X X http://bit.ly/dFw8tc None available Classroom Strategies: Comprehension
Waterford 2,3 K-2 Filled circleHollow circle X X http://bit.ly/eGgK0Y http://bit.ly/gyjOTd Classroom Strategies: Comprehension

Vocabulary

  RTI Tier GL IF IT EAP Contact and Purchasing Information Related multimedia Related articles and strategies
Language for Learning 2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/re25MZ http://bit.ly/e5EJT4 Reading 101: Vocabulary
Vocabulary for Achievement 2,3 3-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/gne3oL None available Teaching Vocabulary
Accelerated Vocabulary 1,2,3 K-6 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic     http://amzn.to/hraeQa None available Target the Problem: Vocabulary
Breakthrough to Literacy 1,2,3 K-4 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/g4gF5r None available Classroom Strategies: Possible Sentences
Kaleidoscope 1,2,3 K-4 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/o7qNgE None available Classroom Strategies: Word Maps
Language for Thinking 1,2,3 2-6 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic   X http://bit.ly/re25MZ None available Vocabulary Instruction for Reading Comprehension
Read Well 2,3 K-5 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X X http://bit.ly/gsQPEu http://bit.ly/dTuaWw Classroom Strategies: Vocabulary
Voyager Passport 1,2,3 K-8 Filled circleHollow circleStar graphic X X http://bit.ly/gN1HVu None available Vocabulary articles

About the author

Corrie Kelly has worked as a 3rd grade teacher, a literacy specialist, and a reading intervention specialist. She received a B.A in English Literature, an NK-6 teaching licensure from Mary Washington, and an M.Ed in Reading Education from the University of Virginia. Corrie is an active researcher and she blogs regularly about her teaching experiences and educational issues and events. Currently, Corrie is a literacy intervention specialist in Albemarle County, VA and teaches reading courses as an adjunct instructor through the University of Virginia's TEMPO Outreach program.

Corrie Kelly (2011)

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Comments

Lexia is also a nice web-based program that individualizes and can be used for all tiers of RTI.

interesting that Readers workshop does NOT appear...this is what our county uses and does NOT offer anything different for LD students.

SNAP! Reading offers interactive leveled books for reading intervention, guided reading and supplemental reading at a very low cost. Visit www.snaplearning.net for more information. Perfect for Summer Reading Programs!

Are there plans to add links to any efficacy reports on these programs?

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