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Finding the Right Book Level: PALS Equivalencies

By: Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening (PALS) at the University of Virginia
Different book leveling systems each have unique ways of describing the age- and grade-level appropriateness of books. This chart provides equivalency information across six leveling systems: Basal level/PALS, Guided Reading, DRA, Rigby PM, Reading Recovery, and Lexile.
Grade
Level
Basal Level/ PALS Guided Reading Reading Recovery Develop-
mental Reading
(DRA)
Rigby
PM Bench-
mark
Lexile Frame-
work
K Read-
iness
A 1 1 1 NA
K/1 Read-
iness cont.
B 2 2 2 NA
K/1 PP1(A) C 3 & 4 3 3 & 4 NA
1 PP2(B) D 5 & 6 4 5 & 6 NA
1 PP3(C) E 7 & 8 6 & 8 7 & 8 NA
1st (1.1) F 9 & 10 10 9 & 10 200L-
400L
1 1.1 cont. G 11 & 12 12 11 200L-
400L
1/2 First (1.2) H 13 & 14 14 15 200L-
400L
1/2 1.2 cont. I 15, 16, 17 16 16 200L-
400L
2 (2.1) J 18, 19, 20 18 17 300L-
500L
2 2.1 cont. K NA 20 18 300L-
500L
2/3 Second (2.2) L & M NA 24 & 28 21 & 22 300L-
500L
3/4 Third N, O, P NA 30, 34, 38 23, 24, 25 500L-
700L
4 Fourth Q, R, S NA NA 26, 27 , 28 650L-
850L
Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening (PALS) at the University of Virginia. (2008). PALS Book Level Equivalencies. Richmond, VA: Author.

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