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Reading Intervention Programs: A Comparative Chart

By: Corrie Kelly

If you are planning to purchase an intervention program for instruction, get as much information as you can about a program's benefits and effectiveness. This article provides basic comparative information about a range of commercially available intervention programs.

Educators work tirelessly to meet the academic needs of all students. An important part of instruction for struggling students is the use of the right intervention at the right time. With so many packaged intervention programs out there, it is difficult to keep up with them all.

Intervention programs for five components of literacy (phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, comprehension, vocabulary) are included in the tables below. Columns within the matrix indicate the appropriate RTI tiers, approximate grade levels, most effective instructional format, instructional technology, embedded assessment, and related article or instructional strategy connections. (Find more information about Response to Intervention and the characteristics of the tiers in this article.)
Many of the programs listed below have been reviewed by the What Works Clearinghouse and research centers such as the Florida Center for Reading Research and the Best Evidence Encyclopedia. Several also appear on statewide recommended intervention lists. Multiple research studies have demonstrated that the intervention programs listed below are capable of producing positive academic effects.

This article is also available as a PDF. Download PDF >

Key to the charts
RTI Tier
Tier 1: This program is supplemental and is meant to enhance the core program for all students.
Tier 2: This program is to be used to prevent or remediate skill deficits for students who are somewhat below grade level.
Tier 3: This program is to be used intensively for students who are significantly below grade level.
GL: Grade Level
These are the grade level(s) in which a program will be most useful and has been proven to be effective.

IF: Instructional Format
This is the instructional format for the program:
1:1 with a licensed teacher or specialist
1:1 with a teacher, paraprofessional, or volunteer
Small group tutorials
IT: Instructional Technology
This program offers instructional technology. Some of the programs listed use technology as the main source of instruction, while others offer instructional technology as a supplement to the program.
EAP: Embedded Assessment Piece
This program offers an embedded assessment piece.
Related articles and strategies
Learn about instructional classroom strategies and resources that support phonemic awareness, phonological awareness, fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary.

Phonemic Awareness

 
RTI Tier
GL
IF
IT
EAP
Contact and Purchasing Information
Related multimedia
Related articles and strategies

Build Up Kit Complete
2,3
K-6

 
X
http://bit.ly/rbq2NE
None available
Rhyming Games

Early Reading Intervention
2,3
K,1

 
X
http://bit.ly/goMlhM
None available
Phonological Awareness

Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS)
2,3
K,1

 
 
http://bit.ly/Ink2r
http://bit.ly/gnrbdM
Using Peer Tutoring to Facilitate Access

Funnix
1,2,3
K-2

X
 
http://bit.ly/hvjKnQ
http://bit.ly/4rXSRp
Computer-Assisted Instruction and Reading

Phonemic Awareness in Young Children
1,2,3
PreK-1

 
X
http://bit.ly/hNwkAC
http://bit.ly/3OpFc4
Phonemic Awareness

Voyager Passport
2,3
K-5

X
X
http://bit.ly/gN1HVu
None available
Phonemic Awareness in Young Children

Road to the Code
1,2,3
K,1

 
X
http://bit.ly/g0gYBA
None available
Top 10 Resources on Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Waterford
2,3
K-2

X
X
http://bit.ly/h0ModW
http://bit.ly/eQSY28
Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

FOCUS
1,2
K-2

X
X
http://bit.ly/iaJbJK
None available
How Now Brown Cow: Phoneme Awareness Activities

Phonics

 
RTI Tier
GL
IF
IT
EAP
Contact and Purchasing Information
Related multimedia
Related articles and strategies

Corrective Reading
2,3
1,2,3

 
X
http://bit.ly/18Qq0r
http://bit.ly/gpcBRe
Phonics Strategies

Touchphonics
2,3
K-5

 
 
http://bit.ly/flHvc0
http://bit.ly/2Bp2U3
Reading Methods for Students with LD

Headsprout
2,3
K-5

X
X
http://bit.ly/XzGNR
http://bit.ly/hL0ipI
Assistive Technology Glossary

Project Read: Phonics
2,3
K-2

X
X
http://bit.ly/eLHibJ
http://bit.ly/hDALQQ
Phonics Strategies

Read Well
2,3
K-3

X
X
http://bit.ly/gsQPEu
http://bit.ly/dTuaWw
Phonics: Watch & Learn

Saxon Phonics
1,2,3
K-3

 
X
http://bit.ly/fZKU5K
http://bit.ly/dIPIdk
Phonics Instruction

SIPPS
2,3
K-5

 
X
http://bit.ly/futUWU
http://bit.ly/futUWU
The Alphabetic Principle

Build Up Kit-Complete
2,3
K-6

 
X
http://bit.ly/rbq2NE
None available
Phonics Strategies

Kaleidoscope
1,2,3
K-4

 
X
http://bit.ly/o7qNgE
None available
Best Practice for ELLs: Small-Group Interventions

Phonics for Reading
1,2,3
1-5

 
X
http://bit.ly/ehkYH9
None available
Phonics Strategies

Reading Mastery- Fast Cycle
2,3
K-3

 
X
http://bit.ly/dWr1YM
http://bit.ly/gAJowt
A Tale of Two Schools

Voyager Passport
2,3
K-5

X
X
http://bit.ly/gN1HVu
None available
Reading 101: Phonics

Waterford
2,3
K-2

X
X
http://bit.ly/eGgK0Y
http://bit.ly/gyjOTd
Phonics: Watch & Learn

Fluency

 
RTI Tier
GL
IF
IT
EAP
Contact and Purchasing Information
Related multimedia
Related articles and strategies

Read Naturally
2,3
2-5

X
X
http://bit.ly/5EQlog
http://bit.ly/evb5Q7
Reading 101: Fluency

Great Leaps
2,3
1-5

 
X
http://bit.ly/fNVomc
None available
Fluency articles

Quick Reads
2,3
2-5

X
X
http://bit.ly/dMlPuJ
http://bit.ly/fq8a52
Fluency: Instructional Guidelines and Student Activities

Corrective Reading- level a
2,3
1-4

 
X
http://bit.ly/18Qq0r
http://bit.ly/gpcBRe
Classroom Strategies: Fluency

Open Court
1,2,3
1-5

X
 
http://bit.ly/6dL6Qt
http://bit.ly/e0eWBy
Classroom Strategies: Fluency

Read Well
2,3
K-3

X
X
http://bit.ly/gsQPEu
http://bit.ly/dTuaWw
Developing Fluent Readers

Voyager Universal Literacy System
1,2
K-3

X
X
http://bit.ly/dFw8tc
None available
Two Methods for Developing Fluency

Horizons Fast Track
2,3
3-8

 
X
http://bit.ly/hNpjiw
None available
What Works in Fluency Instruction

Comprehension

 
RTI Tier
GL
IF
IT
EAP
Contact and Purchasing Information
Related multimedia
Related articles and strategies

Comprehension Plus
1,2,3
K-5

X
X
http://bit.ly/huLC0U
None available
Seven Strategies to Teach Students Text Comprehension

Comprehension Strategy Posters
1,2,3
K-5

 
 
http://bit.ly/eE3UAx
http://bit.ly/bpaU5s
Tell Me About the Story: Comprehension Strategies for Students with Autism

Harcourt Accelerated Reading Instruction
1,2,3
K-5

X
X
http://bit.ly/epRBvY
http://bit.ly/fopevy
Instruction of Metacognitive Strategies Enhances Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary Achievement of Third-Grade Students

Kaleidoscope
1,2,3
K-4

 
X
http://bit.ly/o7qNgE
None available
Key Comprehension Strategies to Teach

Soar to Success
1,2,3
1-5

 
X
http://bit.ly/dMcv85
None available
Classroom Strategies: Comprehension

Voyager Passport
1,2,3
K-5

X
X
http://bit.ly/gN1HVu
None available
Classroom Strategies: Comprehension

Voyager Universal Literacy System
1,2
K-3

X
X
http://bit.ly/dFw8tc
None available
Classroom Strategies: Comprehension

Waterford
2,3
K-2

X
X
http://bit.ly/eGgK0Y
http://bit.ly/gyjOTd
Classroom Strategies: Comprehension

Vocabulary

 
RTI Tier
GL
IF
IT
EAP
Contact and Purchasing Information
Related multimedia
Related articles and strategies

Language for Learning
2,3
K-5

 
X
http://bit.ly/re25MZ
http://bit.ly/e5EJT4
Reading 101: Vocabulary

Vocabulary for Achievement
2,3
3-5

 
X
http://bit.ly/gne3oL
None available
Teaching Vocabulary

Accelerated Vocabulary
1,2,3
K-6

 
 
http://amzn.to/hraeQa
None available
Target the Problem: Vocabulary

Breakthrough to Literacy
1,2,3
K-4

 
X
http://bit.ly/g4gF5r
None available
Classroom Strategies: Possible Sentences

Kaleidoscope
1,2,3
K-4

 
X
http://bit.ly/o7qNgE
None available
Classroom Strategies: Word Maps

Language for Thinking
1,2,3
2-6

 
X
http://bit.ly/re25MZ
None available
Vocabulary Instruction for Reading Comprehension

Read Well
2,3
K-5

X
X
http://bit.ly/gsQPEu
http://bit.ly/dTuaWw
Classroom Strategies: Vocabulary

Voyager Passport
1,2,3
K-8

X
X
http://bit.ly/gN1HVu
None available
Vocabulary articles

About the author
Corrie Kelly has worked as a 3rd grade teacher, a literacy specialist, and a reading intervention specialist. She received a B.A in English Literature, an NK-6 teaching licensure from Mary Washington, and an M.Ed in Reading Education from the University of Virginia. Corrie is an active researcher and she blogs regularly about her teaching experiences and educational issues and events. Currently, Corrie is a literacy intervention specialist in Albemarle County, VA and teaches reading courses as an adjunct instructor through the University of Virginia's TEMPO Outreach program.

Corrie Kelly (2011)

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Comments

Lexia is also a nice web-based program that individualizes and can be used for all tiers of RTI.

interesting that Readers workshop does NOT appear...this is what our county uses and does NOT offer anything different for LD students.

SNAP! Reading offers interactive leveled books for reading intervention, guided reading and supplemental reading at a very low cost. Visit www.snaplearning.net for more information. Perfect for Summer Reading Programs!

Are there plans to add links to any efficacy reports on these programs?

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